If you're randomly found Partner survives your trip through the dungeon, when you come out...it will get into a special area made for it's type
It's found by going to the West of your hideout. You will get a menu where you select which Pokémon you want to see...go to it's name and you'll immediately get taken there. You can leave this new area and go to others via the map however
You can do many things in these hideouts, check the Pokémon to see how it is, check it's stats, attacks etc.
You can give it certain items aswell such as health, food among other things
You can essentially check all aspects of the Pokémon in it...
...and Release the Pokémon from your Rescue Force
The first option also allows you to take them to whatever dungeon you want. Quite handy to level up!
Once you have beaten Kyogre however, your partner will go to one of the hideouts and you will be able to trade who you are in control with so you can control ANY of the Pokémon that you have

Click the map for the areas and the Pokémon in that area

Plains River Eastern Forest Eastern Lakes Eastern Ponds Badlands Desert South Plains Jungle Relics Volcano Western Forest Pond Northern Isles Cave Area Marsh Mountain Range Glacier Northern Lakes Ruins Northern Sea Beach Sky Western Isles Southwest Isles Southern Isles Southern Sea Town

 
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